Typical Men's Health Check

Explanation of common tests

Routine Tests:

Body Mass Index
A man’s body mass is calculated from his height and weight measurements and gives an indication of how close he is to his ideal weight. It is important that weight is kept within sensible limits to avoid health problems associated with being overweight or underweight.

Blood Pressure
This is created by the heart’s constant pumping of blood around the body and the size of the blood vessels through which the blood passes. In a healthy young adult, a normal blood pressure is around 120/80, although there is quite a range of normal blood pressure around this level. Exercise, excitement, anger and anxiety all make the heart beat faster and will increase blood pressure temporarily. This short increase in pressure is normal, however consistently high blood pressure presents a problem since it places a strain on the heart leading to heart disease, strokes and many other problems.

Urine Analysis
The urine is tested for sugar, protein and blood, and also for any signs of infection. This gives an indication of whether the kidneys and bladder are functioning normally. Certain diseases can cause changes in the urine before any symptoms are felt by an individual.

Electrocardiogram
Also known as ECG. This is a test to record the rhythm and electrical activity of the heart. The recorder picks up and amplifies the electrical signals produced by each heartbeat. A few beats are registered from each set of electrodes and recorded on a graph. An ECG can detect abnormalities of heart rhythm, a previous heart attack or the risk of one in future.

Blood Tests:

Full Blood Count
This is a profile of the red and white blood cells which can detect signs of anaemia, leukaemia, iron deficiency and abnormalities of the immune system.

Biochemistry
This includes a broad range of blood tests which provide information about your liver and kidney functions and blood sugar.

Lipid Profile
An in-depth analysis of the balance of lipids (fats) in the bloodstream. High lipid levels predispose to heart disease and diseases of the blood vessels.

PSA Test (Prostate Specific Antigen)
The PSA blood test is usually recommended for men aged 50-70 to detect prostate cancer at an early, curable stage. Major population studies have recently confirmed the benefit of screening, particularly for men with a family history of prostate cancer.

Other tests which may be recommended:

Abdominal Ultrasound Scan
An ultrasound scan giving an image of the organs in the abdomen and the pelvis. These include the gall bladder, liver, kidneys, abdominal aorta, urinary bladder and prostate.

Aortic Aneurysm Scan
A simple examination to give an opinion on the presence and estimated size of the abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Testicular Ultrasound Scan
A scan to detect or rule out cancer.

PCA3 Prostate Cancer Gene Test
A urine test to help detect or rule out cancer.

Stress ECG
A standard ECG tests the heart whilst at rest. A stress ECG is conducted during physical activity on a treadmill to test for problems which only come to light when the heart has to work hard. This enables us to detect silent but potentially serious problems such as blocked coronary arteries which may cause heart attacks. “risk profiling” during the Men’s Health Check will point to any need for this further test.

Impotence and Sex Hormone Profiles
Sexual problems, particularly erectile dysfuction (ED) increase with age. This may be due to underlying and potentially serious but undetected disorders such as diabetes and heart disease. Our health check should reveal these. Sex Hormone Profiling will pick up other hormone related causes.

Chest X-Ray
Chest X-Rays are no longer carried out routinely, but may be performed if the screening doctor finds clinical reason for doing so such as chronic cough or exposure to asbestos.